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Two-channel model for ultralow thermal conductivity of crystalline Tl3VSe4

Solids with ultralow thermal conductivity are of great interest as thermal barrier coatings for insulation or thermoelectrics for energy conversion. However, the theoretical limits of lattice thermal conductivity () are unclear. In typical crystals a phonon picture is valid, whereas lowest values occur in highly disordered materials where this picture fails and heat is supposedly carried by random walk among uncorrelated oscillators. Here we identify a simple crystal, Tl3VSe4, with a calculated phonon [0.16 Watts per meter-Kelvin (W/m-K)] one-half that of our measured (0.30 W/m-K) at 300 K, approaching disorder values, although Raman spectra, specific heat, and temperature dependence of reveal typical phonon characteristics. Adding a transport component based on uncorrelated oscillators explains the measured and suggests that a two-channel model is necessary for crystals with ultralow .

Authors:   Saikat Mukhopadhyay; David S. Parker; Brian C. Sales; Alexander A. Puretzky; Michael A. McGuire; Lucas Lindsay
Journal:   Science
Volume:   360
edition:   6396
Year:   2018
Pages:   1455
DOI:   10.1126/science.aar8072
Publication date:   29-Jun-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • thermoelectrics
  • temperature
  • specific heat
  • solids
  • Energy
  • disorder
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