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Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 1121: Analysis of the Secondary Phases Formed by Corrosion of U3Si2-Al Research Reactor Fuel Elements in the Presence of Chloride Rich Brines

Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 1121: Analysis of the Secondary Phases Formed by Corrosion of U3Si2-Al Research Reactor Fuel Elements in the Presence of Chloride Rich Brines

Materials doi: 10.3390/ma11071121

Authors: Andreas Neumann Martina Klinkenberg Hildegard Curtius

Corrosion experiments with non-irradiated U3Si2-Al research reactor fuel samples were carried out in synthetic MgCl2-rich brine to identify and quantify the secondary phases because depending on their composition and on their amount, such compounds can act as a sink for the radionuclide release in final repositories. Within the experimental period of 100 days at 90 °C and anoxic conditions the U3Si2-Al fuel sample was completely disintegrated. The obtained solids were subdivided into different grain size fractions and non-ambient X-ray diffraction (XRD) was applied for their qualitative and quantitative phase analysis. The secondary phases consist of lesukite (aluminum chloro hydrate) and layered double hydroxides (LDH) with varying chemical compositions. Furthermore, iron, residues of non-corroded nuclear fuel (U3Si2), iron oxy hydroxides and chlorides were also observed. In addition to high amorphous contents (>45 wt %) hosting the uranium, the quantitative phase analysis showed, that LDH compounds and lesukite were the major crystalline phases. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive -Xray spectroscopy (EDS) confirmed the results of the XRD analysis. Elemental analysis revealed that U and Al were concentrated in the solids. However, most of the iron, added as Fe(II) aqueous species, remained in solution.

Authors:   Neumann, Andreas ; Klinkenberg, Martina ; Curtius, Hildegard
Journal:   Materials
Volume:   11
edition:   7
Year:   2018
Pages:   1121
DOI:   10.3390/ma11071121
Publication date:   30-Jun-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • solids
  • Research
  • quantitative phase analysis
  • Neumann
  • hydroxides
  • Energy
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