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Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 2081: An Optimization-Based Initial Alignment and Calibration Algorithm of Land-Vehicle SINS In-Motion

Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 2081: An Optimization-Based Initial Alignment and Calibration Algorithm of Land-Vehicle SINS In-Motion

Sensors doi: 10.3390/s18072081

Authors: Kang Gao Shunqing Ren Xijun Chen Zhenhuan Wang

For a running freely land-vehicle strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS), the problems of self-calibration and attitude alignment need to be solved simultaneously. This paper proposes a complete alignment algorithm for the land vehicle navigation using Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) and an odometer. A self-calibration algorithm is proposed based on the global observability analysis to calibrate the odometer scale factor and IMU misalignment angle, and the initial alignment and calibration method based on optimal algorithm is established to estimate the attitude and other system parameters. This new algorithm has the capability of self-initialization and calibration without any prior attitude and sensor noise information. Computer simulation results show that the performance of the proposed algorithm is superior to the extended Kalman filter (EKF) method during the oscillating attitude motions, and the vehicle test validates its advantages.

Authors:   Gao, Kang ; Ren, Shunqing ; Chen, Xijun ; Wang, Zhenhuan
Journal:   Sensors
Volume:   18
edition:   7
Year:   2018
Pages:   2081
DOI:   10.3390/s18072081
Publication date:   28-Jun-2018
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