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Energies, Vol. 11, Pages 1663: Development of Chelating Agent-Based Polymeric Gel System for Hydraulic Fracturing

Energies, Vol. 11, Pages 1663: Development of Chelating Agent-Based Polymeric Gel System for Hydraulic Fracturing

Energies doi: 10.3390/en11071663

Authors: Muhammad Shahzad Kamal Marwan Mohammed Mohamed Mahmoud Salaheldin Elkatatny

Hydraulic Fracturing is considered to be one of the most important stimulation methods. Hydraulic Fracturing is carried out by inducing fractures in the formation to create conductive pathways for the flow of hydrocarbon. The pathways are kept open either by using proppant or by etching the fracture surface using acids. A typical fracturing fluid usually consists of a gelling agent (polymers), cross-linkers, buffers, clay stabilizers, gel stabilizers, biocide, surfactants, and breakers mixed with fresh water. The numerous additives are used to prevent damage resulting from such operations, or better yet, enhancing it beyond just the aim of a fracturing operation. This study introduces a new smart fracturing fluid system that can be either used for proppant fracturing (high pH) or acid fracturing (low pH) operations in sandstone formations. The fluid system consists of glutamic acid diacetic acid (GLDA) that can replace several additives, such as cross-linker, breaker, biocide, and clay stabilizer. GLDA is also a surface-active fluid that will reduce the interfacial tension eliminating the water-blockage effect. GLDA is compatible and stable with sea water, which is advantageous over the typical fracturing fluid. It is also stable in high temperature reservoirs (up to 300 °F) and it is also environmentally friendly and readily biodegradable. The new fracturing fluid formulation can withstand up to 300 °F of formation temperature and is stable for about 6 h under high shearing rates (511 s−1). The new fracturing fluid formulation breaks on its own and the delay time or the breaking time can be controlled with the concentrations of the constituents of the fluid (GLDA or polymer). Coreflooding experiments were conducted using Scioto and Berea sandstone cores to evaluate the effectiveness of the developed fluid. The flooding experiments were in reasonable conformance with the rheological properties of the developed fluid regarding the thickening and breaking time, as well as yielding high return permeability.

Authors:   Kamal, Muhammad Shahzad; Mohammed, Marwan ; Mahmoud, Mohamed ; Elkatatny, Salaheldin
Journal:   Energies
Volume:   11
edition:   7
Year:   2018
Pages:   1663
DOI:   10.3390/en11071663
Publication date:   26-Jun-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • interfacial tension
  • hydraulic fracturing
  • glutamic acid
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