IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1865: Ubidecarenone-Loaded Nanostructured Lipid Carrier (UB-NLC): Percutaneous Penetration and Protective Effects Against Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Oxidative Stress on HaCaT Cells
International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms19071865
The objective of the investigation was to evaluate the percutaneous penetration of a ubidecarenone-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (UB-NLC) and to illuminate the protective effects of UB-NLC for amelioration of hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative damage on HaCaT cells. Ubidecarenone (UB) was encapsulated in a nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC), which was manufactured by homogenization. The morphological and dimensional properties of the prepared UB-NLC were studied by freeze-fracture transmission electron microscopy (FF-TEM) and photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS). Percutaneous penetration of UB-NLC was carried out by the Franz diffusion cells method. The change of cellular morphology was identified through a non-invasive time-lapse imaging system. The assessment was achieved via the evaluation of the levels of oxidative stress markers: reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), and malondialdehyde (MDA). Percutaneous penetration of UB loaded in NLC formulation was enhanced in comparison to free UB. Preincubation of HaCaT cells with UB-NLC attenuated the level of intracellular generation of ROS. Lipid peroxidation was diminished by UB-NLC via inhibition of MDA formation. Pretreatment of cells with UB-NLC reestablished the activity of cellular antioxidant enzymes (SOD and GSH-PX). On the basis of the investigation conducted, results suggest that formulating UB as NLC is advantageous for topical delivery and treatment of oxidative stress-induced human diseases.