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IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1920: A hnRNP K–AR-Related Signature Reflects Progression toward Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1920: A hnRNP K–AR-Related Signature Reflects Progression toward Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms19071920

Authors: Matteo Capaia Ilaria Granata Mario Guarracino Andrea Petretto Elvira Inglese Carlo Cattrini Nicoletta Ferrari Francesco Boccardo Paola Barboro

The major challenge in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) remains the ability to predict the clinical responses to improve patient selection for appropriate treatments. The finding that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) induces alterations in the androgen receptor (AR) transcriptional program by AR coregulators activity in a context-dependent manner, offers the opportunity for identifying signatures discriminating different clinical states of prostate cancer (PCa) progression. Gel electrophoretic analyses combined with western blot showed that, in androgen-dependent PCa and CRPC in vitro models, the subcellular distribution of spliced and serine-phosphorylated heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K) isoforms can be associated with different AR activities. Using mass spectrometry and bioinformatic analyses, we showed that the protein sets of androgen-dependent (LNCaP) and ADT-resistant cell lines (PDB and MDB) co-immunoprecipitated with hnRNP K varied depending on the cell type, unravelling a dynamic relationship between hnRNP K and AR during PCa progression to CRPC. By comparing the interactome of LNCaP, PDB, and MDB cell lines, we identified 51 proteins differentially interacting with hnRNP K, among which KLK3, SORD, SPON2, IMPDH2, ACTN4, ATP1B1, HSPB1, and KHDRBS1 were associated with AR and differentially expressed in normal and tumor human prostate tissues. This hnRNP K–AR-related signature, associated with androgen sensitivity and PCa progression, may help clinicians to better manage patients with CRPC.

Authors:   Capaia, Matteo ; Granata, Ilaria ; Guarracino, Mario ; Petretto, Andrea ; Inglese, Elvira ; Cattrini, Carlo ; Ferrari, Nicoletta ; Boccardo, Francesco ; Barboro, Paola
Journal:   International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume:   19
edition:   7
Year:   2018
Pages:   1920
DOI:   10.3390/ijms19071920
Publication date:   30-Jun-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • prostate cancer
  • cell lines
More about Molecular Diversity Preservation International
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