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Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 1072: Fluorinated Graphene Prepared by Direct Fluorination of N, O-Doped Graphene Aerogel at Different Temperatures for Lithium Primary Batteries

Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 1072: Fluorinated Graphene Prepared by Direct Fluorination of N, O-Doped Graphene Aerogel at Different Temperatures for Lithium Primary Batteries

Materials doi: 10.3390/ma11071072

Authors: Xu Bi Yanyan Li Zhipeng Qiu Chao Liu Tong Zhou Shuping Zhuo Jin Zhou

Fluorinated graphene (FG) has been a star material as a new derivative of graphene. In this paper, a series of fluorinated graphene materials are prepared by using N, O-doped graphene aerogel as precursor via a direct fluorination method, and the effect of fluorination temperature on the FG structure is investigated. The prepared FG samples are systematically characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. It is found that the structure of FG, including features such as layer size, chemical composition, chemical bond state of the component elements, etc., is significantly related to the fluorination temperature. With the change of the fluorination temperature, fluorine atoms enter the graphene framework by a substitution process of the N, O-containing groups, including residual phenol, ether, carbonyl groups, or C–N groups, and the addition to CC bonds, subsequently forming a fluoride with different fluorine contents. The fluorine content increases as the fluorination temperature increases from 200 °C to 300 °C, but decreases at a fluorination temperature of 350 °C due to the decomposition of the fluorinated graphene. The prepared FG samples are used as cathode material for lithium primary batteries. The FG sample prepared at 300 °C gives a high specific capacity of 632 mAh g−1 and a discharge plateau of 2.35 V at a current density of 10 mA g−1, corresponding to a high energy density of 1485 Wh kg−1.

Authors:   Bi, Xu ; Li, Yanyan ; Qiu, Zhipeng ; Liu, Chao ; Zhou, Tong ; Zhuo, Shuping ; Zhou, Jin
Journal:   Materials
Volume:   11
edition:   7
Year:   2018
Pages:   1072
DOI:   10.3390/ma11071072
Publication date:   25-Jun-2018
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