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Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 2085: An Enhanced Paradigm for Cognitive Cooperation Networks: Two-to-One Energy and Spectrum Dual-Cooperation

Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 2085: An Enhanced Paradigm for Cognitive Cooperation Networks: Two-to-One Energy and Spectrum Dual-Cooperation

Sensors doi: 10.3390/s18072085

Authors: Zhihui Liu Wenjun Xu Junyi Wang Tao Dong Hongbing Qiu

In this paper, two-to-one energy and spectrum dual-cooperation (ESDC) is investigated for cognitive cooperation networks. Specifically, the energy and spectrum of two primary users (PUs) are both transferred or authorized to one multi-antenna secondary user (SU) in exchange for its aid in the signal relaying to guarantee the successful data transmission, whilst the SU, which originally owns no spectrum access privilege and limited energy storage, is also able to concurrently transmit its own data through spatial multiplexing. Moreover, network-coding is also adopted to further compress the data size and hence reduce the power consumption at SU. The formulated problem for the aforementioned two-to-one ESDC model is non-convex and intractable to solve directly. To solve the problem effectively, the Lagrangian dual methods plus fixed-point iteration methods and semidefinite relation methods are employed, and the optimal solution could be achieved through iterative optimization. Simulation results show that, compared with the traditional spectrum-only cooperation, the proposed two-to-one ESDC paradigms can greatly improve the successful transmission probability for PUs and achievable transmission rate for SU. Meanwhile, the proposed two-to-one dual-cooperation modes are significantly superior to the one-to-one cooperation mode, in terms of spectrum efficiency and energy efficiency.

Authors:   Liu, Zhihui ; Xu, Wenjun ; Wang, Junyi ; Dong, Tao ; Qiu, Hongbing
Journal:   Sensors
Volume:   18
edition:   7
Year:   2018
Pages:   2085
DOI:   10.3390/s18072085
Publication date:   29-Jun-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • energy storage
  • energy efficiency
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