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Flame retardant finishing of cotton fleece: part VII. Polycarboxylic acids with different numbers of functional group

In our previous research, multifunctional carboxylic acids have been used as flame retardants to reduce the flammability of cotton fleece so that the garment made of cotton fleece can pass the US mandatory requirement specified by the government regulation “Standard for the Flammability of Clothing Textiles” (16 CFR 1610). In this research, we studied and compared the effectiveness of the polycarboxylic acids having different numbers of carboxylic groups as the durable flame retardants for cotton fleece. The cotton fabrics were treated with 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA), citric acid (CA), succinic acid (SUA) and malic acid (MLA). We compared the reactivity of those polycarboxylic acids to esterify cotton cellulose and their effectiveness to reduce the flammability of the cotton fleece. The data indicated that the polycarboxylic acids with higher functionalities (BTCA and CA) form more esterlinkages on cotton and are more durable to home launderings than that treated with their bifunctional counter parts (SUA and MLA, respectively). In addition, the cotton fabrics treated with BTCA and CA have higher dimensional stability and higher strength loss. All those differences can be attributed to the fact that only those acids with three or more carboxylic groups, i.e., BTCA and CA, are able to crosslink cotton cellulose whereas the bifunctional acids (SUA and MLA) only form single esterlinkage with cotton.

Authors:   Xialing Wu, Charles Q. Yang, Qingliang He
Journal:   Cellulose
Year:   2010
DOI:   10.1007/s10570-010-9416-8
Publication date:   28-Mar-2010
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