Determination of cadmium, chromium and copper in high salt samples by LA-ICP-OES after electrodeposition—preliminary study
A novel method is presented for determination of heavy metal ions in a high-saline matrix. It is based on the electrodeposition of the ions and subsequent laser ablation coupled to inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (LA-ICP-OES). Three arrangements for electrodeposition were worked out, two of them with stationary working electrodes. Materials for use in the working electrodes, and conditions for electrodeposition of Cd, Cr and Cu (pH, deposition current, time of electrolysis) were studied. Nickel was found to be the best electrode material. The metals accumulate on the surface of electrode and were then evaporated/ablated with a Nd:YAG laser focused into the ICP-OES spectrometer. The detection limits are 0.13 mg L−1 for Cd, 0.15 mg L−1 for Cu, and 1.9 mg L−1 for Cr in case of a stationary bottom working electrode, and 0.25 mg L−1 for Cd, 0.05 mg L−1 for Cu, 0.8 mg L−1 for Cr when using a rotating electrode. The relative standard deviation is in range from 3.8 to 10.3%. Waste water was analyzed in this way by the standard addition method.
Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can ... more
For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in alt ... more
Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring en ... more
Springer Nature published its first machine-generated book, compiled using an algorithm developed by researchers from Goethe University. This collaboration broke new ground with the first machine-generated book to be published by a scholarly publisher.
The book is available as a free downl ... more
Inflatable toys and swimming aids, like bathing rings and arm bands, often have a distinctive smell which could indicate that they contain a range of potentially hazardous substances. Some of these compounds, which include carbonyl compounds, cyclohexanone, phenol and isophorone, might be c ... more
Graphene, the one-atom-thick material made of carbon atoms, still holds some unexplained qualities, which are important in connection with electronic applications where high-conductivity matters, ranging from smart materials that collectively respond to external stimuli in a coherent, tunab ... more
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