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The evaluation of colloidal gold immunochromatographic assay (GICA) for rapid diagnosis of influenza A disease

Abstract Background: A low cost colloidal gold immunochromatographic assay (GICA) for rapid detection of influenza A virus was developed. The assay was evaluated in this study. Methods: Six hundred and twenty-six patients were enrolled. All patients contributed two pharyngeal swabs, one used for colloidal gold immunochromatographic rapid assay for influenza A virus immediately after the collection of specimen and one used for real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test or virus culture at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) influenza network laboratory. Result: In reference to viral culture, GICA influenza A test demonstrated a sensitivity of 64%, a specificity of 95% and an overall accuracy of 93%. Consistency between the GICA test and virus culture assay is moderate, with Kappa being 0.46. In reference to RT-PCR, GICA test demonstrated considerable high sensitivity (74%) and specificity (86%), with Kappa value being 0.61 and overall accuracy of 81%. There was...

Authors:   Xuehui Li; Hangwei Chen; Juan Wei; Nan Lv; Lanhua You
Journal:   Clinical Chemistry
Year:   2011
DOI:   10.1515/CCLM.2011.235
Publication date:   13-Sep-2011
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