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The Nicastrin ectodomain adopts a highly thermostable structure

Abstract Nicastrin is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, which is part of the high molecular weight γ-secretase complex. γ-Secretase is one of the key players associated with the generation of Alzheimer's disease pathology, since it liberates the neurotoxic amyloid β-peptide. Four proteins Nicastrin, anterior pharynx-defective-1 (Aph-1), presenilin enhancer-2 (Pen-2) and Presenilin are essential to form the active γ-secretase complex. Recently it has been shown, that Nicastrin has a key function in stabilizing the mature γ-secretase complex and may also be involved in substrate recognition. So far no structural data for the Nicastrin ectodomain or any other γ-secretase component are available. We therefore used Circular Dichroism (CD) spectroscopy to demonstrate that Nicastrin, similar to its homologues, the Streptomyces griseus aminopeptidase (SGAP) and the transferrin receptor (TfR), adopts a thermostable secondary structure. Furthermore, the Nicastrin ectodomain has an exceptionally high propensity t...

Authors:   Regina Fluhrer; Frits Kamp; Gudula Grammer; Brigitte Nuscher; Harald Steiner; Klaus Beyer; Christian Haass
Journal:   Biological Chemistry
Year:   2011
DOI:   10.1515/BC.2011.169
Publication date:   06-Oct-2011
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  • Alzheimer's disease
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