In Situ Observation and Measurement of Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly under Controlled Pressure and Temperature
In situ observations of evaporation-induced colloidal self-assembly and in situ measurement of mass transfer process were carried out under a temperature and pressure controlling system. The growth processes of colloidal crystals in different cuvettes recorded by direct video observations revealed that solvent flow around the pore space of the crystal played a key role. By changing the circumstances (temperature and pressure) of the self-assembly system and properties of fluid (viscosity), different evaporation rate of solvent and growth rate of colloidal crystals were measured directly. It turned out that both evaporation rate and growth rate as functions of temperature and pressure fit Stefan’s law well. Furthermore, the transfer process of particles in the fluid flow was determined by the fluid-dynamic characteristics, which can be analyzed by the Reynolds number. The results obtained provide an insight into the growth mechanisms of self-assembly and theoretical basis for optimizing the experimental gr...
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... more
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... more
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more