Mining Electronic Laboratory Notebooks: Analysis, Retrosynthesis, and Reaction Based Enumeration
An approach to automatically analyze and use the knowledge contained in electronic laboratory notebooks (ELNs) has been developed. Reactions were reduced to their reactive center and converted to a string representation (SMIRKS) which formed the basis for reaction classification and in silico (retro-)synthesis. Of the SMIRKS that occurred at least five times, 98% successfully regenerated the original product. The extracted reaction rules (SMIRKS) and corresponding reactants span a virtual chemical space which showed a strong dependence on the size of the reactive center. Whereas relatively few robust reaction types were sufficient to describe a large part of all reactions, considerably more reaction rules were necessary to cover all reactions in the ELN. Furthermore, reaction sequences were extracted to identify frequent combinations and diversifying reaction steps. Based on the extracted knowledge a (retro-)synthesis tool was built allowing for de novo design of compounds which have a high chance of bein...
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... more
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... more
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more