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Synthesis and characterization of the novel meta‐modified aramid fibers with liquid crystalline properties

Abstract

To improve the interfacial adhesion between the meta‐aramid fibers and the matrix, the new method of interfacial polymerization was used to complete the aramid's surface modification. Two new kinds of grafted fibers which had liquid crystalline properties were prepared. The structure and properties of the aramid fibers before and after modification were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared, differential scanning calorimetry, and polarizing optical microscope. The surface of grafted aramid fibers was very rough. The range of liquid crystalline phase of the grafted fibers AF‐1 and AF‐2 on the cooling scan, respectively, is from 147 to 209°C and from 163 to 221°C. It was novel that the grafted fibers with rigid‐rod structure had typical nematic texture. The grafted aramid fibers as the ideal substitute material of asbestos were used as reinforcing fibers in nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) matrix. Combining with NBR, the composites reinforced with the unmodified and grafted aramid fibers were synthesized. The micrographs of the composites' fractured surface were studied by SEM. The mechanical properties of the grafted fibers/NBR composites were superior to the unmodified fibers/NBR composites. POLYM. COMPOS., 2012. © 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers

Authors:   Hui Jin, Yiyong Wang
Journal:   Polymer Composites
Year:   2012
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/pc.22263
Publication date:   15-Jul-2012
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