A comparison on efficiency of virgin and sulfurized agro-based adsorbents for mercury removal from aqueous systems
Mercury adsorption by sulfur impregnated adsorbents seems to be one of the most efficient ways for removal of this toxic metal ion from wastewater and atmosphere. The aim of this work was to develop a method for preparation of low-cost sulfurized adsorbent from agricultural wastes; this approach combines two stages of (i) chemical activation with phosphoric acid and (ii) impregnation with powdered sulfur, in one step only. The physico-chemical properties of sulfurized adsorbent (AC-S) were determined with BET, FT-IR, Eschka method and pHPZC measurements, and compared with those of the virgin sample (AC). It was found that sulfurization according to this method can introduce about 8 wt.% sulfur into the structure of adsorbent, in the forms of C–S, S–H, S–S and S=O functional groups. Although during the sulfur introduction processes, a decrease in surface area and micropore volume of the sulfurized adsorbent is to be expected, not only such decrease did not occur in this work, but a large increase in microporosity was seen. Thereupon, both the sulfur functionalities and extended microporosity of AC-S lead to higher capability of this sample for mercury adsorption rather than AC. Finally, the kinetics and equilibrium of mercury adsorption from aqueous solutions were studied for AC and AC-S.
Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can ... more
For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in alt ... more
Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring en ... more
Springer Nature published its first machine-generated book, compiled using an algorithm developed by researchers from Goethe University. This collaboration broke new ground with the first machine-generated book to be published by a scholarly publisher.
The book is available as a free downl ... more
Inflatable toys and swimming aids, like bathing rings and arm bands, often have a distinctive smell which could indicate that they contain a range of potentially hazardous substances. Some of these compounds, which include carbonyl compounds, cyclohexanone, phenol and isophorone, might be c ... more
Graphene, the one-atom-thick material made of carbon atoms, still holds some unexplained qualities, which are important in connection with electronic applications where high-conductivity matters, ranging from smart materials that collectively respond to external stimuli in a coherent, tunab ... more
Springer is a leading global scientific, technical and medical portfolio, providing researchers in academia, scientific institutions and corporate R&D departments with quality content through innovative information, products and services. more