Reduction in the Electric Power Consumption
of a Thermoelectric Refrigerator by Experimental Optimization of the Temperature Controller
Most thermoelectric refrigerators used for food conservation are operated by on/off temperature controllers, because of their simplicity and low cost. This type of controller poses a major problem: when the inner temperature reaches the lower setpoint and the thermoelectric modules are switched off, a great amount of the heat stored in the heat exchanger at the hot end of the modules goes back into the refrigerator, by heat conduction through the modules and the heat extender. This effect significantly increases the electric power consumption of the refrigerator. This work studies experimentally the influence of different temperature control systems on the electric power consumption and coefficient of performance of a thermoelectric refrigerator: an on/off controller, a proportional–integral–derivative controller, and a novel operating system based on idling voltages. The latter provides voltage to the modules once the inner temperature reaches the lower setpoint, instead of switching them off, preventing heat from going back. A prototype has been constructed to compare these operating systems. Results prove that the controller based on idling voltages reduces the electric power consumption of the refrigerator by 32% and increases the coefficient of performance by 64%, compared with the on/off controller.
Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can ... more
For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in alt ... more
Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring en ... more
Springer Nature published its first machine-generated book, compiled using an algorithm developed by researchers from Goethe University. This collaboration broke new ground with the first machine-generated book to be published by a scholarly publisher.
The book is available as a free downl ... more
Inflatable toys and swimming aids, like bathing rings and arm bands, often have a distinctive smell which could indicate that they contain a range of potentially hazardous substances. Some of these compounds, which include carbonyl compounds, cyclohexanone, phenol and isophorone, might be c ... more
Graphene, the one-atom-thick material made of carbon atoms, still holds some unexplained qualities, which are important in connection with electronic applications where high-conductivity matters, ranging from smart materials that collectively respond to external stimuli in a coherent, tunab ... more
Springer is a leading global scientific, technical and medical portfolio, providing researchers in academia, scientific institutions and corporate R&D departments with quality content through innovative information, products and services. more