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Influence of Water on the Structure and Properties of PDMS-Containing Multiblock Polyurethanes

Segmented polyurethane multiblock polymers containing polydimethylsiloxane and polyether soft segments form tough and easily processed thermoplastic elastomers. Two commercially available examples, Elast-Eon E2A (denoted as E2A) and PurSil 35 (denoted as P35), were evaluated for molecular and mechanical stability after immersion in buffered water for up to 52 weeks at temperatures ranging from 37 to 85 °C. Dynamic mechanical spectroscopy experiments, performed in tension and shear, were used to characterize the linear viscoelastic properties of compression-molded (dry) specimens. Small-angle X-ray scattering measurements indicated a disorganized microphase-separated morphology for all test conditions. Upon aging in phosphate buffered saline, samples of E2A and P35 were analyzed by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and tensile testing as a function of time and temperature. The absolute molar mass of each material prior to aging in water was determined by SEC using a multiangle light scattering detector. ...

Authors:   Kimberly A. Chaffin; Adam J. Buckalew; James L. Schley; Xiangji Chen; Matthew Jolly; Julie A. Alkatout; Jennifer P. Miller; Darrel F. Untereker; Marc A. Hillmyer; Frank S. Bates
Journal:   Macromolecules
Year:   2012
DOI:   10.1021/ma301965y
Publication date:   13-Nov-2012
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • water
  • thermoplastic elastomers
  • temperature
More about American Chemical Society Publications
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