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Mass spectrometric techniques for characterizing low-molecular-weight resins used as paint varnishes

The molecular structure of three low-molecular-weight resins used as paint varnishes has been characterized by use of an approach based on three different mass spectrometric techniques. We investigated the ketone resin MS2A, the aldehyde resin Laropal A81, and the hydrocarbon resin Regalrez 1094, now commonly used in restoration. To date, the molecular structures of these resins have not been completely elucidated. To improve current knowledge of the chemical composition of these materials, information obtained by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS), pyrolysis–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (Py/GC/MS), and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI–Q–ToF) was combined. Analysis, in solution, of the whole polymeric fraction of the resins by flow-injection ESI–Q–ToF, and of the non-polymeric fraction by GC–MS, enabled us to identify previously unreported features of the polymer structures. In addition, the Py–GC/MS profiles that we obtained will help to enhance the databases currently available in the literature. The proposed approach can be extended to other low-molecular-weight resins used as varnishes in conservation.

Authors:   I. Bonaduce, M. P. Colombini, I. Degano, F. Di Girolamo, J. La Nasa, F. Modugno, S. Orsini
Journal:   Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Year:   2012
Pages:   1
DOI:   10.1007/s00216-012-6502-9
Publication date:   14-Nov-2012
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