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Synthesis, Characterization, and Evaluation of Pluronic-Based β-Cyclodextrin Polyrotaxanes for Mobilization of Accumulated Cholesterol from Niemann-Pick Type C Fibroblasts

Several lines of evidence suggest that β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) derivatives initiate the efflux of accumulated, unesterified cholesterol from the late endosomal/lysosomal compartment in Niemann Pick C (NPC) disease models. Unfortunately, repeated injections or continuous infusions of current β-CD therapies are required to sustain suppression of symptoms and prolong life. In an effort to make CD treatment a more viable option by boosting efficacy and improving pharmacokinetics, a library of Pluronic surfactant-based β-CD polyrotaxanes has been developed using biocompatible poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)–polypropylene glycol (PPG)–PEG triblock copolymers. These compounds carry multiple copies of β-CD as shown by 1H NMR, 2D nuclear Overhouser effect spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography/multiangle light scattering, analytical ultracentrifugation analysis, matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry, and diffusion-ordered spectroscopy. Analyses of free β-cyclodextrin contamination in the com...

Authors:   Christopher J. Collins; Leslie A. McCauliff; Seok-Hee Hyun; Zhaorui Zhang; Lake N. Paul; Aditya Kulkarni; Klaus Zick; Mary Wirth; Judith Storch; David H. Thompson
Journal:   Biochemistry
Year:   2013
DOI:   10.1021/bi3010889
Publication date:   30-Apr-2013
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