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Colorimetric Response of Dithizone Product and Hexadecyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide Modified Gold Nanoparticle Dispersion to 10 Types of Heavy Metal Ions: Understanding the Involved Molecules from Experiment to Simulation

A new kind of analytical reagent, hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), and dithizone product-modified gold nanoparticle dispersion, is developed for colorimetric response to 10 types of heavy metal ions (Mn+), including Cr(VI), Cr3+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+, and Pb2+. The color change of the modified gold nanoparticle dispersion is instantaneous and distinct for Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+, and Pb2+. The color change results from the multiple reasons, such as electronic transitions, cation−π interactions, formation of coordination bonds, and Mn+-induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The different combining capacity of heavy metal ions to modifiers results in the different broadening and red-shifting of the plasmon peak of modified AuNPs. In addition, Cr(VI), Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+, and Mn2+ cause the new UV–vis absorption peaks in the region of 360–460 nm. The interactions between the modifiers and AuNPs, and between the modifiers and Mn+, are investigated by u...

Authors:   Yumin Leng; Yonglong, Li; An Gong; Zheyu Shen; Liang Chen; Aiguo Wu
Journal:   Langmuir
Year:   2013
DOI:   10.1021/la400909b
Publication date:   14-Jun-2013
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