Interaction of Antibiotics with Lipid Vesicles on Thin Film Porous Silicon Using Reflectance Interferometric Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
The ability to observe interactions of drugs with cell membranes is an important area in pharmaceutical research. However, these processes are often difficult to understand due to the dynamic nature of cell membranes. Therefore, artificial systems composed of lipids have been used to study membrane properties and their interaction with drugs. Here, lipid vesicle adsorption, rupture, and formation of planar lipid bilayers induced by various antibiotics (surfactin, azithromycin, gramicidin, melittin and ciprofloxacin) and the detergent dodecyl-b-d-thiomaltoside (DOTM) was studied using reflective interferometric Fourier transform spectroscopy (RIFTS) on an oxidized porous silicon (pSi) surface as a transducer. The pSi transducer surfaces are prepared as thin films of 3 μm thickness with pore dimensions of a few nanometers in diameter by electrochemical etching of crystalline silicon followed by passivation with a thermal oxide layer. Furthermore, the sensitivity of RIFTS was investigated using three differe...
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... more
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... more
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more