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Long‐term mechanical behavior of aramid fibers in seawater

Abstract

Aramid fibers are today proposed in ropes and cables for marine applications. As these highly crystalline materials are loaded in tension for a longer period in seawater, their long‐term mechanical behavior has to be understood. However, the response is time‐dependent and exhibits a nonlinear effect with stress. In this study, two types of aramid fibers are studied: Twaron and Technora. Mechanical properties are measured using static tensile tests and creep‐recovery tests. A nonlinear viscoelastic–viscoplastic model, based on the Schapery formulation, allows discriminating between the instantaneous and the time‐dependent response as well as the reversible and nonreversible phenomena (plasticity). First, this procedure allows the overall mechanical behavior of the fibers to be compared, considering creep rate, plasticity, and instantaneous moduli. Then, using these parameters, the effect of the testing condition, air or seawater is studied. Finally, the effect of aging in seawater is quantified for both fibers. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 2011. © 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers

Authors:   Derombise, G.; Chailleux, E.; Forest, B.; Riou, L.; Lacotte, N.; Vouyovitch Van Schoors, L.; Davies, P.
Journal:   Polymer Engineering and Science
Volume:   51
edition:   7
Year:   2011
Pages:   1366
DOI:   10.1002/pen.21922
Publication date:   01-Jul-2011
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