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How Does Predation Affect the Bioaccumulation of Hydrophobic Organic Compounds in Aquatic Organisms?

It is well-known that the body burden of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) increases with the trophic level of aquatic organisms. However, the mechanism of HOC biomagnification is not fully understood. To fill this gap, this study investigated the effect of predation on the bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), one type of HOC, in low-to-high aquatic trophic levels under constant freely dissolved PAH concentrations (1, 5, or 10 μg L–1) maintained by passive dosing systems. The tested PAHs included phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, and pyrene. The test organisms included zebrafish, which prey on Daphnia magna, and cichlids, which prey on zebrafish. The results revealed that for both zebrafish and cichlids, predation elevated the uptake and elimination rates of PAHs. The increase of uptake rate constant ranged from 20.8% to 39.4% in zebrafish with the amount of predation of 5 daphnids per fish per day, and the PAH uptake rate constant increased with the amount of predation. Ho...

Authors:   Xinghui Xia; Husheng Li; Zhifeng Yang; Xiaotian Zhang; Haotian Wang
Journal:   Environmental Science & Technology
Year:   2015
DOI:   10.1021/acs.est.5b00071
Publication date:   31-Mar-2015
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