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Influence of Intrinsic Colloid Formation on Migration of Cerium through Fractured Carbonate Rock

Migration of colloids may facilitate the transport of radionuclides leaked from near surface waste sites and geological repositories. Intrinsic colloids are favorably formed by precipitation with carbonates in bicarbonate-rich environments, and their migration may be enhanced through fractured bedrock. The mobility of Ce(III) as an intrinsic colloid was studied in an artificial rainwater solution through a natural discrete chalk fracture. The results indicate that at variable injection concentrations (between 1 and 30 mg/L), nearly all of the recovered Ce takes the form of an intrinsic colloid of >0.45 μm diameter, including in those experiments in which the inlet solution was first filtered via 0.45 μm. In all experiments, these intrinsic colloids reached their maximum relative concentrations prior to that of the Br conservative tracer. Total Ce recovery from experiments using 0.45 μm filtered inlet solutions was only about 0.1%, and colloids of >0.45 μm constituted the majority of recovered Ce. About 1%...

Authors:   Emily L. Tran; Ofra Klein-BenDavid; Nadya Teutsch; Noam Weisbrod
Journal:   Environmental Science & Technology
Year:   2015
DOI:   10.1021/acs.est.5b03383
Publication date:   27-Oct-2015
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