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Extruded versus solvent cast blends of poly(vinyl alcohol‐co‐ethylene) and biopolymers isolated from municipal biowaste

ABSTRACT

Water‐soluble biopolymers (SBO) were isolated from the alkaline hydrolysate of two materials sampled from an urban waste treatment plant; that is, an anaerobic fermentation digestate and a compost. The digestate biopolymers contained more lipophilic and aliphatic C, and less acidic functional groups than the compost biopolymers. The SBO were blended with poly (vinyl alcohol‐co‐ethylene), hereinafter EVOH. The blends were extruded and characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC)– multi angle static light scattering (MALS) analysis, and for their thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties. The blends behavior depended on the type of SBO and its relative content. Evidence was obtained for a condensation reaction occurring between the EVOH and SBO. The best results were obtained with the blends containing up to 10% SBO isolated from the biowaste anaerobic digestate. Compared with the neat EVOH, these blends exhibited lower melt viscosity and no significant or great difference in mechanical properties. The results on the extrudates, compared with those previously obtained on the same blends obtained by solvent casting, indicate that the blends properties depend strongly also on the processing technology. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43009.

Authors:   Flavia Franzoso, Carlos Vaca‐Garcia, Antoine Rouilly, Philippe Evon, Enzo Montoneri, Paola Persico, Raniero Mendichi, Roberto Nisticò, Matteo Francavilla
Journal:   Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Year:   2015
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/app.43009
Publication date:   14-Nov-2015
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