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Some Aspects on Safety and Environmental Impact of the German Green Gel Propulsion Technology


This article gives a short introduction into the technology of gelled propellant rocket motors and gas generators. A brief introduction outlines the specific features of the German green gelled propellant rocket motor technology and the family of monopropellants that cover a variety of requirements with respect to smoke, combustion temperature, and combustion pressure ranges. The discussion of the hazard potential comprises military insensitive munitions (IM) and civil classifications as well as a comparative assessment of the environmental and health impacts from manufacturing over use and finally to disposal. Summarizing the properties over all categories shows that gelled propellants provide a unique combination of good insensitivity and low environmental and health hazard potential compared to other liquid propellants, fuels, and oxidizers or solid rocket propellants.

Authors:   Helmut K. Ciezki, Karl Wieland Naumann
Journal:   Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Year:   2016
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/prep.201600039
Publication date:   12-May-2016
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • temperature
  • safety
  • pressure
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