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Molecules, Vol. 21, Pages 1006: Microfluidic Devices in Advanced Caenorhabditis elegans Research

The study of model organisms is very important in view of their potential for application to human therapeutic uses. One such model organism is the nematode worm, Caenorhabditis elegans. As a nematode, C. elegans have ~65% similarity with human disease genes and, therefore, studies on C. elegans can be translated to human, as well as, C. elegans can be used in the study of different types of parasitic worms that infect other living organisms. In the past decade, many efforts have been undertaken to establish interdisciplinary research collaborations between biologists, physicists and engineers in order to develop microfluidic devices to study the biology of C. elegans. Microfluidic devices with the power to manipulate and detect bio-samples, regents or biomolecules in micro-scale environments can well fulfill the requirement to handle worms under proper laboratory conditions, thereby significantly increasing research productivity and knowledge. The recent development of different kinds of microfluidic devices with ultra-high throughput platforms has enabled researchers to carry out worm population studies. Microfluidic devices primarily comprises of chambers, channels and valves, wherein worms can be cultured, immobilized, imaged, etc. Microfluidic devices have been adapted to study various worm behaviors, including that deepen our understanding of neuromuscular connectivity and functions. This review will provide a clear account of the vital involvement of microfluidic devices in worm biology.

Authors:   Muthaiyan Shanmugam, Muniesh ; Subhra Santra, Tuhin
Journal:   Molecules
Volume:   21
edition:   8
Year:   2016
Pages:   1006
DOI:   10.3390/molecules21081006
Publication date:   02-Aug-2016
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • microfluidic devices
  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • biology
  • molecules
  • genes
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