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Preparation of arsenic‐containing white rice grains as calibration standards for X‐ray fluorescence analysis of total arsenic in cereals

A preparation method of arsenic‐containing white rice grains as calibration standards was developed for the X‐ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis of arsenic in rice grains. Calibration standards were prepared by adding 10 g of white rice grains (from Japan) to 100 ml methanol‐containing dimethylarsinic acid corresponding to 2–100 µg arsenic. The mixture was heated, dried at 150 °C, cooled to room temperature, and then stored in a silica gel desiccator. A total of 5.0 g of each calibration standard was packed into a polyethylene cup (32 mm internal diameter and 23 mm height) covered with a 6‐µm‐thick polypropylene film and then analyzed by wavelength‐dispersive XRF spectrometry. The calibration curve for arsenic obtained from the white rice grains containing arsenic showed good linearity over a concentration range of 0.21–5.00 mg kg−1 arsenic. The limit of detection of arsenic was 0.080 mg kg−1. To check the reliability of the XRF method, the concentrations of arsenic in six samples of grain cereals and two samples of flour were compared with those obtained by atomic absorption spectrometry after acid decomposition. The values obtained by both analytical methods showed good agreement. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Authors:   Masaki Tatsumi, Tetsuo Inui, Kenta Hagiwara, Atsushi Ohbuchi, Yuya Koike, Toshihiro Nakamura
Journal:   X-Ray Spectrometry
Volume:   45
edition:   5
Year:   2016
Pages:   274
DOI:   10.1002/xrs.2702
Publication date:   01-Aug-2016
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • temperature
  • spectrometry
  • silica
  • absorption
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