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Synthesis and antibacterial and antifungal activities of N-(tetra-O-acetyl-β-d-glucopyranosyl)thiosemicarbazones of substituted 4-formylsydnones

19-Oct-2015 | Thanh, Nguyen D; Duc, Hoang T; Duyen, Vu T; Tuong, Phan M; Van Quoc, Nguyen, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: Sydnone is a heterocycle that exhibits remarkable pharmacological activities, including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and antioxidant activities. Thiosemicarbazones are of compounds that contain the –NHCSNHN=C< linkage group and are considerable interest ...


A comparative study of electrochemical oxidation of methidation organophosphorous pesticide on SnO 2 and boron-doped diamond anodes

16-Oct-2015 | Hachami, Fatima; Errami, Mohamed; Bazzi, Lahcen; Hilali, Mustapha; Salghi, Rachid; Jodeh, Shehdeh; Hammouti, Belkhei ..., Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: Electrochemical oxidation considered to be among the best methods in waste water desalination and removing toxic metals and organic pesticides from wastewater like Methidathion. The objective of this work is to study the electrochemical oxidation of aqueous wastes containing ...


Using water–solvent systems to estimate in vivo blood–tissue partition coefficients

16-Oct-2015 | Derricott, Caitlin E; Knight, Emily A; Acree, William E; Lang, Andrew SID, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: Blood–tissue partition coefficients indicate how a chemical will distribute throughout the body and are an important part of any pharmacokinetic study. They can be used to assess potential toxicological effects from exposure to chemicals and the efficacy of potential novel drugs ...


Content of micronutrients, mineral and trace elements in some Mediterranean spontaneous edible herbs

14-Oct-2015 | Volpe, Maria G; Nazzaro, Melissa; Di Stasio, Michele; Siano, Francesco; Coppola, Raffaele; De Marco, Anna, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: The analysis of mineral elements composition was determined in three wild edible herbs (Cichorium intybus L., Sonchus asper L. and Borago officinalis) collected in seven different sampling sites which were characterized by different pollution grade. The detection of mineral elements ...


The acrylamide content of smokeless tobacco products

12-Oct-2015 | McAdam, Kevin; Kimpton, Harriet; Vas, Carl; Rushforth, David; Porter, Andrew; Rodu, Brad, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: There is considerable interest from a regulatory and public health perspective in harmful and potentially harmful constituents in tobacco products, including smokeless tobacco products (STPs). A wide range of commercial STPs from the US and Sweden, representing 80–90% of the 2010 ...


A novel immunoglobulin G monolayer silver bio-nanocomposite

06-Oct-2015 | Matea, Cristian T; Mocan, Teodora; Zaharie, Florin; Iancu, Cornel; Mocan, Lucian, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: Nanoparticles have a large number of surface atoms, which translates into a significant increase in the surface energy. Once introduced in a biological environment they tend to interact with proteins and form a protein corona shell. The aim of this study was to develop a novel, ...


Application of α-aminoisobutyric acid and β-aminoisobutyric acid inhibits pericarp browning of harvested longan fruit

06-Oct-2015 | Wang, Hui; Zhi, Wei; Qu, Hongxia; Lin, Hetong; Jiang, Yueming, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: Pericarp browning is a critical problem resulting in reduced commercial value and shelf life of longan fruit. Results: Two non-protein amino acids, α-aminoisobutyric acid (AIB) and β-aminoisobutyric acid (BAIB) at 100 and 1mM were applied to longan fruit prior to storage for up to ...


Phytochemical composition, antiparasitic and α–glucosidase inhibition activities from Pelliciera rhizophorae

28-Sep-2015 | López, Dioxelis; Cherigo, Lilia; Spadafora, Carmenza; Loza-Mejía, Marco A; Martínez-Luis, Sergio, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: Panama has an extensive mangrove area and it is one of the countries with the highest biodiversity in America. Mangroves are widely used in traditional medicine, nevertheless, there are very few studies that validates their medicinal properties in America. Given the urgent need for ...


Diagnostic techniques in deflagration and detonation studies

28-Sep-2015 | Proud, William G; Williamson, David M; Field, John E; Walley, Stephen M, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Advances in experimental, high-speed techniques can be used to explore the processes occurring within energetic materials. This review describes techniques used to study a wide range of processes: hot-spot formation, ignition thresholds, deflagration, sensitivity and finally the detonation ...


Prediction of 1-octanol solubilities using data from the Open Notebook Science Challenge

24-Sep-2015 | Buonaiuto, Michael A; Lang, Andrew SID, Chemistry Central Journal , 2015

Background: 1-Octanol solubility is important in a variety of applications involving pharmacology and environmental chemistry. Current models are linear in nature and often require foreknowledge of either melting point or aqueous solubility. Here we extend the range of applicability of 1-octanol ...


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