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126 Newest Publications in phytochemistry reviews

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Nematicidal activity of essential oils: a review

27-Nov-2012 | Maria Fe Andrés, Azucena González-Coloma, Jesus Sanz, Jesus Burillo, Paula Sainz, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can serve ...

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The therapeutic lead potential of metabolites obtained from natural sources for the treatment of peptic ulcer

27-Nov-2012 | Luiz Carlos Klein-Júnior, José Roberto Santin, Rivaldo Niero, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade, Valdir Cechinel-Filho, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in ...

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Endophytic fungi from medicinal plants: a treasure hunt for bioactive metabolites

27-Nov-2012 | Sanjana Kaul, Suruchi Gupta, Maroof Ahmed, Manoj K. Dhar, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring ...

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Essential oils for the control of reduviid insects

27-Nov-2012 | Paula Sainz, Jesús Sanz, Jesús Burillo, Azucena González-Coloma, María Bailén, Rafael A. Martínez-Díaz, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Chagas disease is an important vector-borne disease problem in South America, especially in rural areas where inhabitants are in contact with the reduviid insects that transmit the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Today, the main means of interrupting transmission of T. cruzi is to control the vector. ...

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Cubitane: a rare diterpenoid skeleton

27-Nov-2012 | Johannes Wefer, Kristina Simon, Thomas Lindel, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

There are only 15 diterpenoids known sharing the rare cubitane skeleton (1,3-diisopropyl-6,10-dimethylcyclododecane, Fig. 1) named after the natural product (+)-cubitene ((+)-1) from the termite Cubitermes umbratus. Cubitane-type diterpenoids (“cubitanoids”) have since then been isolated from ...

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Endophytic fungi and their metabolites isolated from Indian medicinal plant

27-Nov-2012 | Kanika Chowdhary, Nutan Kaushik, Azucena Gonzalez Coloma, Cabrera Manuel Raimundo, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Endophytic fungi have been creating a considerable interest and curiosity among researchers since past three decades globally, owing to their recognition as an inexhaustible source of structurally and biologically novel compounds, alternative source of metabolites functionally identical to plant ...

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Rational use of Jatropha curcas L. in food and medicine: from toxicity problems to safe applications

19-Nov-2012 | Muhamad Insanu, Chryssa Dimaki, Richard Wilkins, John Brooker, Piet van der Linde, Oliver Kayser, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Jatropha curcas L. has become an important plant for biorefinery and production of biodiesel. From its ethnobotanical use, the plant is known for several activities which are associated with high toxicity. The latest development in engineering technology enables detoxification of native oil and ...

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In silico comparison of marine, terrestrial and synthetic compounds using ChemGPS-NP for navigating chemical space

06-Nov-2012 | Patrik Muigg, Josefin Rosén, Lars Bohlin, Anders Backlund, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Nature represents a vast source of chemical diversity, which is supposed to cover broader areas of chemical space than synthetically obtained substances typical of medicinal chemistry. With regard to drug discovery from nature, the terrestrial environment has been the most and longest studied ...

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Data, 1H-NMR databases, data manipulation, …

26-Sep-2012 | John W. Blunt, Murray H. G. Munro, Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Research on all aspects of marine natural products has become increasingly dependent on access to databases of information on bibliography, taxonomy, compound structures, spectroscopic and physical properties data, and biological activities. Convenient access to and effective use of these ...

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Determination of antibacterial activity of vacuum distillation fractions of lemongrass essential oil

22-Sep-2012 | Manuel A. Falcão, Ana L. B. Fianco, Aline M. Lucas, Marcos A. A. Pereira, Fernando C. Torres, Rubem M. F. Vargas, Ed ..., Phytochemistry Reviews, 2012

Essential oils are natural substances composed of terpenoids and phenylpropanoid molecules that have many biological activities. Because of their activity, essential oils are widely used in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products, but new applications of such mixtures are still dependent on ...

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