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14,599 Newest Publications in plos one

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EEG Responses to TMS Are Sensitive to Changes in the Perturbation Parameters and Repeatable over Time

22-Apr-2010 | Silvia Casarotto et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Background High-density electroencephalography (hd-EEG) combined with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) provides a direct and non-invasive measure of cortical excitability and connectivity in humans and may be employed to track over time pathological alterations, plastic changes and ...

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Permanent Occlusion of Feeding Arteries and Draining Veins in Solid Mouse Tumors by Vascular Targeted Photodynamic Therapy (VTP) with Tookad

22-Apr-2010 | Noa Madar-Balakirski et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Background Antiangiogenic and anti-vascular therapies present intriguing alternatives to cancer therapy. However, despite promising preclinical results and significant delays in tumor progression, none have demonstrated long-term curative features to date. Here, we show that a single treatment ...

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Repeated Stimulus Exposure Alters the Way Sound Is Encoded in the Human Brain

22-Apr-2010 | Kelly L. Tremblay et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Auditory training programs are being developed to remediate various types of communication disorders. Biological changes have been shown to coincide with improved perception following auditory training so there is interest in determining if these changes represent biologic markers of auditory ...

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Formulating a Historical and Demographic Model of Recent Human Evolution Based on Resequencing Data from Noncoding Regions

22-Apr-2010 | Guillaume Laval et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Background Estimating the historical and demographic parameters that characterize modern human populations is a fundamental part of reconstructing the recent history of our species. In addition, the development of a model of human evolution that can best explain neutral genetic diversity is ...

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Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, TC-PTP, SHP1, and SHP2, Cooperate in Rapid Dephosphorylation of Stat3 in Keratinocytes Following UVB Irradiation

22-Apr-2010 | Dae Joon Kim et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Stat3 is initially dephosphorylated in murine keratinocytes in response to UVB irradiation. Treatment with Na3VO4 desensitized keratinocytes to UVB-induced apoptosis with the recovery of phosphorylated Stat3 protein levels, implying that a protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) is involved in this ...

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Neuropathological and Reelin Deficiencies in the Hippocampal Formation of Rats Exposed to MAM; Differences and Similarities with Schizophrenia

22-Apr-2010 | Julien Matricon et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Background Adult rats exposed to methylazoxymethanol (MAM) at embryonic day 17 (E17) consistently display behavioral characteristics similar to that observed in patients with schizophrenia and replicate neuropathological findings from the prefrontal cortex of psychotic individuals. However, a ...

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Ovarian Cyst Fluid of Serous Ovarian Tumors Contains Large Quantities of the Brain Amino Acid N-acetylaspartate

22-Apr-2010 | Eva Kolwijck et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Background In humans, N-acetyl L-aspartate (NAA) has not been detected in other tissues than the brain. The physiological function of NAA is yet undefined. Recently, it has been suggested that NAA may function as a molecular water pump, responsible for the removal of large amounts of water from ...

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The Enzyme and the cDNA Sequence of a Thermolabile and Double-Strand Specific DNase from Northern Shrimps (Pandalus borealis)

22-Apr-2010 | Inge W. Nilsen et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Background We have previously isolated a thermolabile nuclease specific for double-stranded DNA from industrial processing water of Northern shrimps (Pandalus borealis) and developed an application of the enzyme in removal of contaminating DNA in PCR-related ...

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Docosahexaenoic Acid Induces Apoptosis in MCF-7 Cells In Vitro and In Vivo via Reactive Oxygen Species Formation and Caspase 8 Activation

22-Apr-2010 | Ki Sung Kang et al., PLoS ONE, 2010

Background The present study sought to further investigate the in vitro and in vivo anticancer effects of a representative omega-3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), with a focus on assessing the induction of oxidative stress and apoptosis as an important mechanism for its anticancer ...

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