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274 Newest Publications about the topic desalination

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Unravelling and Reconstructing the Nexus of Salinity, Electricity, and Microbial Ecology for Bioelectrochemical Desalination

09-Oct-2017 | Heyang Yuan; Shan Sun; Ibrahim M. Abu-Reesh; Brian D. Badgley; Zhen He, Environmental Science & Technology, 2017

Microbial desalination cells (MDCs) are an emerging concept for simultaneous water/wastewater treatment and energy recovery. The key to developing MDCs is to understand fundamental problems, such as the effects of salinity on system performance and the role of microbial community and functional ...

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Thermodynamics and kinetics control of support layer synthesis for enhanced thin film composite membrane performance

04-Oct-2017 | J. J. Beh, E. P. Ng, J. Y. Sum, B. S. Ooi, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2017

ABSTRACT The desalination performance of a thin film composite (TFC) membrane hinges highly on the surface characteristics of support membrane. In this study, good wettability, regular pore size, and moderate roughness were identified as the critical surface properties of support membrane in ...

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Synthetic Graphene Oxide Leaf for Solar Desalination with Zero Liquid Discharge

27-Sep-2017 | Casey Finnerty; Lei Zhang; David L. Sedlak; Kara L. Nelson; Baoxia Mi, Environmental Science & Technology, 2017

Water vapor generation through sunlight harvesting and heat localization by carbon-based porous thin film materials holds great promise for sustainable, energy-efficient desalination and water treatment. However, the applicability of such materials in a high-salinity environment emphasizing ...

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Synthetic Graphene Oxide Leaf for Solar Desalination with Zero Liquid Discharge

27-Sep-2017 | Casey Finnerty; Lei Zhang; David L. Sedlak; Kara L. Nelson; Baoxia Mi, Environmental Science & Technology, 2017

Water vapor generation through sunlight harvesting and heat localization by carbon-based porous thin film materials holds great promise for sustainable, energy-efficient desalination and water treatment. However, the applicability of such materials in a high-salinity environment emphasizing ...

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Fabrication of efficient pervaporation desalination membrane by reinforcement of poly(vinyl alcohol)–silica film on porous polysulfone hollow fiber

08-Sep-2017 | Sanjay G. Chaudhri, Jayesh C. Chaudhari, Puyam S. Singh, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2017

ABSTRACT Pervaporation membrane technology is commercially successful in the dehydration of organic solvents, and the technology has potential for seawater desalination with high recovery because of its capability to treat highly saline water. But to make the technology advantageous over the ...

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Correction: Dual-ions electrochemical deionization: a desalination generator

30-Aug-2017 | Fuming Chen; Yinxi Huang; Lu Guo; Linfeng Sun; Ye Wang; Hui Ying Yang, Energy & Environmental Science, 2017

Correction for ‘Dual-ions electrochemical deionization: a desalination generator’ by Fuming Chen et al., Energy Environ. Sci., 2017, DOI: 10.1039/c7ee00855d.

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Energies, Vol. 10, Pages 1274: A Study on the Prediction of the Optimum Performance of a Small-Scale Desalination System Using Solar Heat Energy

27-Aug-2017 | Jun, Yong-Joon ; Song, Young-Hak ; Park, Kyung-Soon, Energies, 2017

Energies, Vol. 10, Pages 1274: A Study on the Prediction of the Optimum Performance of a Small-Scale Desalination System Using Solar Heat Energy Energies doi: 10.3390/en10091274 Authors: Yong-Joon Jun Young-Hak Song Kyung-Soon Park Although water is an essential element for the ...

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Improving on aquaporins

25-Aug-2017 | Zuzanna Siwy; Francesco Fornasiero, Science , 2017

Biological nanopores ( 1 ) can selectively and rapidly transport ions and molecules through membranes. For example, many biological ion channels conduct only one type of ion across the cell membrane, and they do so in response to external stimuli. Aquaporins transport water at astonishingly high ...

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Solar-driven simultaneous steam production and electricity generation from salinity

23-Aug-2017 | Peihua Yang; Kang Liu; Qian Chen; Jia Li; Jiangjiang Duan; Guobin Xue; Zisheng Xu; Wenke Xie; Jun Zhou, Energy & Environmental Science, 2017

Solar-driven interfacial water evaporation, which concentrates the solar heating at water surface, has attracted increasing interests in pursuing highly efficient solar desalination. The rapid evaporation of water at the light absorber surface would induce a high concentration comparable with ...

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Confined Water: Structure, Dynamics, and Thermodynamics

15-Aug-2017 | Sudip Chakraborty; Hemant Kumar; Chandan Dasgupta; Prabal K. Maiti, Accounts of Chemical Research, 2017

ConspectusUnderstanding the properties of strongly confined water is important for a variety of applications such as fast flow and desalination devices, voltage generation, flow sensing, and nanofluidics. Confined water also plays an important role in many biological processes such as flow ...

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