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Calcium silicide

Calcium silicide (CaSi2), also called calcium disilicide, is an inorganic compound, a silicide of calcium. It is a whitish or dark grey to black solid matter with melting point between 700-935°C. It is insoluble in water, but may decompose when subjected to moisture, evolving hydrogen and producing calcium hydroxide. Decomposes in hot water. It is flammable and may ignite spontaneously in air. Its CAS number is [12013-56-8].

Industrial calcium silicide usually contains iron and aluminium as the primary contaminants, and low amounts of carbon and sulfur.

Calcium silicide is used for manufacture of special metal alloys, eg. for removing phosphorus and as a deoxidizer.

In pyrotechnics, it is used as fuel to make special mixtures, eg. for production of smokes, in flash compositions, and in percussion caps. Specification for pyrotechnic calcium silicide is MIL-C-324C. In some mixtures it may be substituted with ferrosilicon. Silicon-based fuels are used in some time delay mixtures, eg. for controlling of explosive bolts, hand grenades, and infrared decoys.[1] Smoke compositions often contain hexachloroethane; during burning they produce silicon tetrachloride, which, like titanium tetrachloride used in smoke-screens, reacts with air moisture and produces dense white fog. Gum arabic is used in some mixtures to inhibit calcium silicide decomposition. [2]

Self-heating cans of military food rations developed during the World War II used a thermite-like mixture of 1:1 iron(II,III) oxide and calcium silicide. Such mixture, when ignited, generates moderate amount of heat and no gaseous products. [3]

There is also a calcium silicide CaSi, CAS number [12013-55-7]. See also CAS number [12737-18-7].

See also:

  • Magnesium silicide
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Calcium_silicide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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