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Carbon fixation is a process found in autotrophs (organisms that produce their own food), usually driven by photosynthesis, whereby carbon dioxide is changed into organic materials. Carbon fixation can also be carried out by the process of calcification in marine, calcifying organisms such as Emiliania huxleyi.
The Calvin Cycle is the most common method of carbon fixation.
In plants, there are three types of carbon fixation during photosynthesis:
In addition to the Calvin cycle, the following alternative pathways are currently known to be used in certain autotrophic microorganisms:
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Carbon_fixation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|