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The genophore is compacted through a mechanism known as supercoiling. Where a chromosome is compacted via chromatin. The genophore is circular in most prokaryotes, and linear in very few. The circular nature of the genophore allows replication to occur without telomeres.
Genophores are generally of a much smaller size than Eukaryotic chromosomes. A genophore of a true organism can be as small as 580,073 base pairs (Mycoplasma genitalium).
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Genophore". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|