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Acacia angustissima

Acacia angustissima

Conservation status

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. angustissima
Binomial name
Acacia angustissima
(Mill.) Kuntze

Range of Acacia angustissima
  • Acacia angulosa Bertol.
  • Acacia elegans M.Martens & Galeotti
  • Acacia filicina Willd.
  • Acacia filicioides (Cav.)
  • Acacia glabrata Schltdl.
  • Acacia hirsuta Schltdl.
  • Acacia insignis M. Martens & Galeotti
  • Acacia pittieriana Standl.
  • Acaciella angulosa (Bertol.) Britton & Rose
  • Acaciella angustissima (Mill.) Britton & Rose,
  • Acaciella costaricensis Britton & Rose
  • Acaciella holtonii Britton & Killip
  • Acaciella martensis Britton & Killip
  • Acaciella rensonii Britton & Rose
  • Acaciella santanderensis Britton & Killip
  • Mimosa angustissima Mill.
  • Mimosa filicioides Cav.
  • Mimosa ptericina Poir.[1]

Acacia angustissima (Prairie acacia, White ball acacia) is a perennial, deciduous, shrub or tree in the Fabaceae family native to Central America and the United States. It is also found in South America, India and Pakistan. Other common names for it include Carboncillo, Timbe, Timbre,[2] Fern Acacia and Prairie wattle.[3] It grows 1m to 4m in height having whitish, 1.3cm diameter spherical flowers from June through September. "Angustissima" in Latin means "narrowest," describing the look of the shrub's leaves.[3] It is not listed as being a threatened species.[2]



Natural habitat

Altitude: 0-2600m
Annual Temperature Mean: 5-30 deg. C.
Annual Rainfall Mean: 895-2870mm
Soil: A. angustissima is well-suited for acidic, low-nutrient soils and it has very good resistance to drought.[4]


Alcoholic beverages

The bark is used in the production of alcoholic beverages.[4]


Acacia angustissima's seeds are high in protein and are somewhat useful as forage for livestock.[2] The tree has a tannin content of 6%, which inhibits the ability of livestock to make use of the tree's protein.[4]


The indigenous Tzotzil and Tzeltal Maya people of Mexico use A. angustissima to treat digestive tract problems. They also use it to treat toothache, rheumatoid arthritis and cuts of the skin. Experiments have shown that A. angustissima mildly inhibits the growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.[4]


There are 90,000–100,000 seeds/kg.[5]

Botanical varieties

  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. angustissima
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. chisosiana Isely
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. hirta (Torrey & A.Gray)Robinson
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. shrevei (Britton & Rose)Isely
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. suffrutescens (Rose)Isely
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. texensis (Torrey & A.Gray)Isely[6]



  1. ^ ILDIS LegumeWeb
  2. ^ a b c Acacia angustissima
  3. ^ a b Native Plant Information Network
  4. ^ a b c d World Agroforestry Centre
  5. ^ Tropical Forages
  6. ^ ILDIS Legumes of the World

General references

  • The Nature Conservancy

See also

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Acacia_angustissima". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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