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Acacia caven

Roman cassie

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. caven
Binomial name
Acacia caven
(Molina) Molina

Range of Acacia caven
  • Acacia cavenia (Molina) Hook. & Arn.
  • Mimosa caven Molina
  • Mimosa cavenia Molina[1]

Acacia caven (Roman Cassie, Aromita, Aromo Criollo, Caven, Churque, Churqui, Espinillo, Espinillo de Baado, Espino, Espino Maulino)[1] is an ornamental tree in the Fabaceae family. Acacia caven is native to Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It grow 4 m to 5 m tall and it has white thorns up to 2 cm in length. It blooms in Spring, with bright yellow flowers 1 cm to 2 cm in diameter.



Erosion control

The tree is used for erosion control.[2]


The flowers are used as food for bees in the production of honey.[2]

Ornamental tree

The tree has ornamental uses.[2]


The flowers are used in perfume.[2][3]


Tannin from the seed pods is used for tanning hides.[3]


The wood is used as fuel and to make posts for fences. The current main use for the tree is in the production of high-grade charcoal.[2]

Botanical varieties

  • Acacia caven (Molina)Molina var. caven [4]
  • Acacia caven var. dehiscens Ciald.
  • Acacia caven var. microcarpa (Speg.)Ciald.
  • Acacia caven var. stenocarpa (Speg.)Ciald.


  1. ^ a b ILDIS LegumeWeb
  2. ^ a b c d e FAO
  3. ^ a b University of Uruguay
  4. ^ Pometti CL. et al. 2007. Morphometric analysis of varieties of Acacia caven: (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae):Taxonomic inferences in the context of Argentinean species. Pl.Syst. and Evol.264,239-249
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Acacia_caven". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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