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Adduct



See also adduction, one of the anatomical terms of motion.

  An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components, with formation of two chemical bonds and a net reduction in bond multiplicity in at least one of the reactants. The resultant is considered a distinct molecular species. Examples include the adduct between hydrogen peroxide and sodium carbonate to give sodium percarbonate, and the addition of sodium bisulfite to an aldehyde to give a sulfonate.

Additional recommended knowledge

Adducts often form between Lewis acids and Lewis bases. A good example would be the formation of adducts between the Lewis acid borane and the oxygen atom in the Lewis bases, tetrahydrofuran (THF) or diethyl ether: BH3•THF, BH3•OEt2.

Adducts are not necessarily molecular in nature. A good example from solid-state chemistry are the adducts of ethylene or carbon monoxide of CuAlCl4. The latter is a solid with an extended lattice structure. Upon formation of the adduct a new extended phase is formed in which the gas molecules are incorporated (inserted) as ligands of the copper atoms within the structure. This reaction can also be considered a reaction between a base and a Lewis acid with the copper atom in the electron-receiving and the pi-electrons of the gas molecule in the donating role [1].

References

  • Compendium of Chemical Terminology, Adduct, 10 Mar 2005. Accessed 30 Oct 2006.
  1. ^ Capracotta, Michael D.; Sullivan, Roger M.; Martin, James D.. Sorptive Reconstruction of CuMCl4 (M = Al and Ga) upon Small-Molecule Binding and the Competitive Binding of CO and Ethylene. Journal of the American Chemical Society (2006), 128(41), 13463-13473
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Adduct". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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