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Aerosol



Aerosol technically refers to airborne liquid droplets or solid particles (also called dust or particulate matter (PM)). In casual language, aerosol refers to an aerosol spray can or the output of such a can.

Additional recommended knowledge

The term aerosol, derives from the fact that matter "floating" in air is a suspension (a mixture in which solid or liquid or combined solid-liquid particles are suspended in a fluid). To differentiate suspensions from true solutions, the term sol evolved—originally meant to cover dispersions of tiny (sub-microscopic) particles in a liquid. With studies of dispersions in air, the term aerosol evolved and now embraces both liquid droplets, solid particles, and combinations of these. An aerosol may come from sources as various as a volcano or an aerosol can.


Workplace exposure

Concentrated aerosols from substances such as [silica], [asbestos], and [diesel]particulate matter are sometimes found in the workplace and have been shown to result in a number of diseases including silicosis and black lung.[1] The cooling effect of aerosols, however, does not seem to directly counteract the warming induced by greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor and is accounted for in climate models, despite some claims that "global dimming" by aerosols may counteract global warming.[2]

References

  1. ^ {{cite web|url= http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/aerosols/default.html |title=NIOSH Aerosols Page|accessdate=2007-10-03|publisher=United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health} Respirators can protect workers from harmful aerosol exposure. The [[National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health] certifies respirators through the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory to ensure that they protect workers and the public from harmful airborne contaminants.{cite web url= http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npptl/ |title= NPPTL|accessdate=2007-10-03|publisher=United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health} == Effect on climate == [[Anthropogenic]] aerosols, particularly sulfate aerosols from [[fossil fuel]] combustion, exert a cooling influence on the climate.[http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/figspm-3.htm IPCC TAR SPM figure 3]
  2. '''[[#_ref-1|^]]''' {{cite web|url= http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2007/11/global-dimming-and-global-warming/ |title= RealClimate|accessdate=2007-11-27}}

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Aerosol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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