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Bunching parameter

In statistics as applied in particular in particle physics, when fluctuations of some observables are measured, it is convenient to transform the multiplicity distribution to the bunching parameters:

\eta_q = \frac{q}{q-1}\frac{P_q P_{q-2}} {P_{q-1}^2},

where Pn is probability of observing n objects inside of some phase space regions. The bunching parameters measure deviations of the multiplicity distribution Pn from a Poisson distribution, since for this distribution

ηq = 1.

Uncorrelated particle production leads to the Poisson statistics, thus deviations of the bunching parameters from the Poisson values mean correlations between particles and dynamical fluctuations.

Normalised factorial moments have also similar properties. They are defined as

F_q =\langle  n \rangle^{-q} \sum^{\infty}_{n=q}  \frac{n!}{(n-q)!} P_n.


  • [1] Bunching Parameter and Intermittency in High-Energy Collisions;

Authors: S.V.Chekanov and V.I.Kuvshinov; Ref: Acta Phys. Pol. B25 (1994) p.1189-1197

  • [2] Multifractal Multiplicity Distribution in Bunching-Parameter Analysis; Authors: S.V.Chekanov and V.I.Kuvshinov;

Ref: J. Phys G22 (1996), p.601-610

  • [3] Generalized Bunching Parameters and Multiplicity Fluctuations in Restricted Phase-Space Bins;

Authors: S.V.Chekanov, W.Kittel and V.I.Kuvshinov; Ref: Z. Phys. C74 (1997) p.517-529

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bunching_parameter". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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