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Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid. It belongs to a larger class of phytochemicals known as terpenes. The chemical formula is C40H52O2. It has E number E161g.
Additional recommended knowledge
It was first isolated in edible mushrooms. It has also been found in green algae, bacteria, crustaceans, and fish such as carp, golden mullet, seabream and trush wrasse.
In the United Kingdom, canthaxanthin is allowed by law to be added to poultry feed, some sausages mainly exported to France, and trout and salmon feed. In addition, the European Union has set the limit at 80 mg/kg of foodstuffing.
Canthaxanthin is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon, but is minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon. Canthaxanthin is used in farm-raised trout. Canthaxanthin is used in combination with astaxanthin for some salmon feeds.
FDA has no "tanning pills" approved for sale in the United States. In spite of this, there are companies that continue to market such produce. This include pills containing canthaxanthin. The FDA considers such items "adulterated cosmetics". As a results, as late as March 2005, it was still sending "Warning Letters" to the firms citing such products as containing "a color additive that is unsafe within the meaning of section 721(a) of the FD&C Act (FD&C Act, sec. 601(e))."
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Canthaxanthin". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|