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Carl Schmidt (chemist)

Carl Schmidt
BornJune 13 1822
Mitau, Russia today Latvia
DiedFebruary 27 1894 (aged 71)
Tartu , Russia today Estonia
InstitutionsUniversity of Dorpat
Alma materUniversity of Gießen, University of Göttingen
Academic advisor  Justus Liebig Chemistry
Friedrich Wöhler Medicine
Notable students  Wilhelm Ostwald

Carl Schmidt (June 13 1822 - February 27 1894) determined crystal habits of many important biochemicals such as uric acid, oxalic acid and its salts, lactic acid, cholesterin, stearin, etc. He analyzed muscle fiber and chitin. He showed that animal and plant cell constituents are chemically similar and studied reactions of calcium albuminates. He studied alcoholic fermentation and chemistry of metabolism and digestion. He discovered HCl in gastric juice and its chemical interaction with pepsin. He studied bile and pancreatic juices. He studied chemical changes in blood associated with cholera, dysentery, diabetes, and arsenic poisoning.

Schmidt received his PhD in 1844 from the University of Gießen under Justus von Liebig. Schmidt is nobale as the PhD advisor of the Nobel Prize winner Wilhelm Ostwald.


  • J.R. Partington, A History of Chemistry, Macmillan, 1964, vol. 4, p.306 and p. 595.
  • Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970-1990, vol. 2, p. 124a.
  • St. Szcz Zaleski (1894). "Carl Schmidt". Chem. Ber. 27 (4): 963-978. doi:10.1002/cber.18940270494.
  • R. Stefan Ross (2005). "Carl Schmidt – a chemical tourist in Victorian Britain". Endeavour 29 (1): 33-37.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Carl_Schmidt_(chemist)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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