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The Corey-Kim oxidation is an oxidation reaction used to synthesise aldehydes and ketones from primary and secondary alcohols. It is named for American chemist and Nobelist Elias James Corey and Korean-American chemist Choung Un Kim.
Although the Corey-Kim oxidation possesses the distinctive advantage over Swern oxidation of allowing an operation above –25 ºC, it is not so commonly used because of the need to employ dimethyl sulfide, a poisonous and volatile liquid with a very bad odor.
Additional recommended knowledge
Dimethyl sulfide (Me2S) is reacted with N-chlorosuccinimide (NCS), resulting in formation of an "active DMSO" species that is used for the activation of the alcohol. Addition of trimethylamine to the activated alcohol leads to its oxidation to aldehyde or ketone and generation of dimethyl sulfide. In variance with other alcohol oxidation using "activated DMSO," the reactive oxidizing species is not generated by reaction of DMSO with an electrophile. Rather, it is formed by oxidation of dimethyl sulfide with an oxidant (NCS).
Under Corey-Kim conditions allylic and benzylic alcohols have a tendency to evolve to the corresponding allyl and benzyl chlorides unless the alcohol activation is very quickly followed by addition of triethylamine. In fact, Corey-Kim conditions —with no addition of triethylamine— are very efficient for the transformation of allylic and benzylic alcohols to chlorides in presence of other alcohols.
Substituting dimethyl sulfide with a something less noxious has been the goal of several research projects. Ohsugia et al. substituted a long-chain sulfide, dodecyl methyl sulfide, for dimethyl sulfide. Crich et al. utilized fluorous technology in a likewise manner.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Corey-Kim_oxidation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|