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Coronium



Coronium was the name of a suggested chemical element, hypothesised in the 19th century. It was named after the solar corona.

Additional recommended knowledge

In the 1860s, emission lines (particularly a green line) were observed in the coronal spectrum during solar eclipses that did not correspond to any known spectral lines. It was proposed that these were due to an unknown element, provisionally named coronium.

In 1902, in an attempt at a chemical conception of the Aether, Dimitri Mendeleev put forward a hypothesis that there existed two inert chemical elements of lesser atomic weight than hydrogen. Of these two proposed elements, he thought the lighter to be an all-penetrating, all-pervasive gas, and the slightly heavier one to be a proposed element, coronium. Later, he decided to rename it as Newtonium.[1]

It was not until the 1930s that it was discovered, by Walter Grotrian and Bengt Edlén, that the spectral lines were due to highly-ionised iron and nickel, the high ionisation being due to the extreme temperature of the solar corona.

References

  1. ^ Andrew Ede. The Chemical Element: A Historical Perspective. Greenwood Press, 2006, p. 83-84. ISBN 0313333041
  • Coronium Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol. 31, p.337
  • History of Coronium
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Coronium". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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