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Croton (genus)


Croton eleuteria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Crotoneae
Genus: Croton
About 1,200 species
Selected Species
  • Croton acronychioides
  • Croton alabamensis
  • Croton alabamensis var. texensis
  • Croton argyratus
  • Croton aridus
  • Croton arnhemicus
  • Croton californicus - California croton
  • Croton capitatus - hogwort
  • Croton ciliato-glandsulosus
  • Croton cortesianus
  • Croton coryi - Cory's croton
  • Croton corymbulosus - encilla, manzanilla
  • Croton craco
  • Croton crassifolius
  • Croton dioicus - grassland croton
  • Croton dissectistipulatus
  • Croton draco
  • Croton echinocarpus
  • Croton eleuteria
  • Croton elliottii - Elliott's croton
  • Croton eluteria
  • Croton flavens
  • Croton floribundus
  • Croton fruticulosus - encinilla, bush croton
  • Croton glandulosus
  • Croton glandulosus var. crenatifolius
  • Croton glandulosus var. floridanus
  • Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis
  • Croton glandulosus var. simpsonii
  • Croton gossipifolius
  • Croton gratissimus
  • Croton guatemalensis
  • Croton habrophyllus
  • Croton hancei - Hong Kong croton
  • Croton humilis - pepperbush
  • Croton incanus - Torrey's croton
  • Croton insularis - Queensland's cascarilla
  • Croton lechleri
  • Croton leucophyllus - two-color croton
  • Croton linearis - grannybush
  • Croton lobatus
  • Croton lundianus
  • Croton macrostachys
  • Croton malambo
  • Croton megalocarpus
  • Croton monanthogynus - prairie-tea
  • Croton morifolius
  • Croton neomexicanus
  • Croton niveus
  • Croton oblongifolius
  • Croton oligandrum
  • Croton origanifolius
  • Croton ovalifolius
  • Croton palanostigma
  • Croton parksii - Parks' croton
  • Croton poilanei
  • Croton populifolius
  • Croton pottsii - leatherweed
  • Croton prunifolius
  • Croton punctatus - Gulf croton
  • Croton reflexifolius
  • Croton repens
  • Croton roxburghii
  • Croton salutaris
  • Croton schultzii
  • Croton setigerus
  • Croton sonorae
  • Croton suaveolens - scented croton
  • Croton texensis - Texas croton
  • Croton tiglium
  • Croton tomentellus
  • Croton variegatum
  • Croton watsonii
  • Croton wigginsii - Wiggins' croton
  • Croton xalapensis

See also:

  • List of Croton species
  • Taxonomy of the genus Croton

Croton is an extensive plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae established by Carolus Linnaeus in 1737. The common names for this genus are rushfoil and croton, but this latter also refers to Codiaeum variegatum. The genus name comes from Greek Kroton, which means ticks, because of the seeds' resemblance to ticks.

The best known member of this genus is probably Croton tiglium, commonly called croton, a tree or shrub native to Southeast Asia. Croton oil, used in herbal medicine as a violent purgative, is extracted from its seeds. Nowadays, it is considered unsafe and it is no longer listed in the pharmacopeias of many countries.

Croton oil has found recent usage as the active ingredient in facial-rejuvenating chemical peels when used in a phenol-based solution, thanks to its caustic exfoliating effect on the dermal layer of the skin.

Croton species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia citrinellus, which feeds exclusively on the plant.

Cascarilla (Croton eleuteria) is found exclusively in the Bahama Islands. It is a small tree, rarely reaching 20 feet in height, with scanty, alternate, ovate-lanceolate leaves, averaging 2 inches long, closely scaled below, giving a metallic silver-bronze appearance, with scattered white scales above. The flowers are small, with white petals, and very fragrant, appearing in March and April. The scented bark is fissured and pale yellowish brown. Its pungent-smelling bark is used as a flavoring, principally for liquers such as Campari.


The genus is pantropical.  


This genus is also known under a lot of other names:

  • Agelandra Engl. & Pax
  • Aldinia Raf.
  • Angelandra Endl.
  • Anisepta Raf.
  • Anisophyllum Boivin ex Baill.
  • Argyra Noronha ex Baill.
  • Argyrodendron (Endl.) Klotzsch (non. F. Muell.)
  • Astraea Klotzsch
  • Astrogyne Benth.
  • Aubertia Chapel. ex Baill.
  • Banalia Raf.
  • Barhamia Klotzsch
  • Brachystachys Klotzsch
  • Calypteriopetalon Hassk.
  • Cascarilla Adans.
  • Centrandra H.Karst.
  • Cieca Adans.
  • Cleodora Klotzsch
  • Codonocalyx Klotzsch ex Baill.
  • Comatocroton H.Karst.
  • Crotonanthus Klotzsch ex Schltdl.
  • Crotonopsis Michx.
  • Cyclostigma Klotzsch
  • Decarinium Raf.
  • Drepadenium Raf.
  • Eluteria Steud.
  • Engelmannia Klotzsch
  • Eremocarpus Benth.
  • Eutrophia Klotzsch
  • Friesia Spreng.
  • Furcaria Boivin ex Baill.
  • Geiseleria Klotzsch
  • Gynamblosis Torr.
  • Halecus Raf.
  • Hendecandras Eschsch.
  • Heptallon Raf.
  • Heterochlamys Turcz.
  • Heterocroton S.Moore
  • Julocroton Mart.
  • Klotzschiphytum Baill.
  • Kurkas Raf.
  • Lasiogyne Klotzsch
  • Leptemon Raf.
  • Leucadenia Klotzsch ex Baill.
  • Luntia Neck. ex Raf.
  • Macrocroton Klotzsch
  • Medea Klotzsch
  • Merleta Raf.
  • Monguia Chapel. ex Baill.
  • Myriogomphus Didr.
  • Ocalia Klotzsch
  • Oxydectes Kuntze
  • Palanostigma Mart. ex Klotzsch
  • Penteca Raf.
  • Pilinophyton Klotzsch
  • Piscaria Piper
  • Pleopadium Raf.
  • Podostachys Klotzsch
  • Saipania Hosok.
  • Schradera Willd.
  • Semilta Raf.
  • Tiglium Klotzsch
  • Timandra Klotzsch
  • Tridesmis Lour.
  • Triplandra Raf.
  • Vandera Raf.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Croton_(genus)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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