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Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry
Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry (DXR) is a means of measuring bone mineral density (BMD). Digital X-ray radiogrammetry is based on the old technique of radiogrammetry. In DXR the cortical thickness of the three middle metacarpal bones in the hand is measured in a digital X-ray image by a computer and is through a geometrical operation converted to the forearm bone mineral density. The BMD is corrected for porosity of the bone, estimated by a texture analysis performed on the cortical part of the bone.
Additional recommended knowledge
Like other technologies for estimating the bone mineral density, the outputs are an areal BMD value, a T-score and a Z-score for assessing osteoporosis and the risk of bone fracture.
Due to high precision it is used for monitoring change in bone mineral density over time.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Digital_X-ray_Radiogrammetry". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|