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Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry

Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry (DXR) is a means of measuring bone mineral density (BMD). Digital X-ray radiogrammetry is based on the old technique of radiogrammetry. In DXR the cortical thickness of the three middle metacarpal bones in the hand is measured in a digital X-ray image by a computer and is through a geometrical operation converted to the forearm bone mineral density. The BMD is corrected for porosity of the bone, estimated by a texture analysis performed on the cortical part of the bone.

Like other technologies for estimating the bone mineral density, the outputs are an areal BMD value, a T-score and a Z-score for assessing osteoporosis and the risk of bone fracture.

Due to high precision it is used for monitoring change in bone mineral density over time.


  • Estimation of bone mineral density by digital X-ray radiogrammetry: theoretical background and clinical testing, Rosholm A et. al, Osteoporos Int. 2001;12(11):961-9.
  • Digital X-ray radiogrammetry: a new appendicular bone densitometric method with high precision, Jorgensen JT et. al, . Clin Physiol. 2000 Sep;20(5):330-5.
  • Friis M, Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry on Hand X-rays Obtained on Mammographic X-ray Equipment, Journal of the International Bone and Mineral Society, 2001, 28; 5(suppl):P336 (IBMS 2001).
  • Digital X-ray radiogrammetry combined with semiautomated analysis of joint space widths as a new diagnostic approach in rheumatoid arthritis: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study, Bottcher J et. al, Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Dec;52(12):3850-9.

External links

  • Bone Densitometry explained
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Digital_X-ray_Radiogrammetry". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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