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Ecarin clotting time

  Ecarin clotting time (ECT) is a laboratory test used to monitor anticoagulation during treatment with hirudin, an anticoagulant medication which was originally isolated from leech saliva. Ecarin, the primary reagent in this assay, is derived from the venom of the saw-scaled viper, Echis carinatus.

In the clinical assay, a known quantity of eccarin is added to the plasma of a patient treated with hirudin. Ecarin activates prothrombin through a specific proteolytic cleavage, which produces meizothrombin, a prothrombin-thrombin intermediate which retains the full molecular weight of prothrombin, but possses a low level of procoagulant enzymatic activity. Crucially, this activity is inhibited by hirudin and other direct thrombin inhibitors, but not by heparin. The ECT is also unaffected by prior treatment with coumadin or the presence of phospholipid-dependant anticoagulants, such as lupus anticoagulant. Thus, the ECT is prolonged in a specific and linear fashion with increasing concentrations of hirudin.[1][2][3]

Cited references

  1. ^ Nowak G (2003). "The ecarin clotting time, a universal method to quantify direct thrombin inhibitors". Pathophysiol. Haemost. Thromb. 33 (4): 173-83. doi:10.1159/000081505. PMID 15583446.
  2. ^ Fabrizio MC. 2001. Use of Ecarin Clotting Time (ECT) with Lepirudin Therapy in Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia and Cardiopulmonary Bypass. JECT 33:117–125. PDF at Journal of The American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology. Accessed 5 June 2007.
  3. ^ Textarin/Ecarin Time at Specialty Laboratories. Accessed 5 June 2007.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ecarin_clotting_time". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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