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Elaidinisation



Elaidinisation is a chemical reaction which alters the orientation of double-bonds from cis- to trans-. It is most often performed on fats and oils to increase both the melting point and the shelf life without reducing the degree of unsaturation. The typical product of elaidinisation is trans fat.

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Etymology

The word originates from elaidic acid, the trans-isomer of oleic acid.

Reaction

Elaidinisation of oleic acid, a common component of vegetable oils, yields its trans-isomer elaidic acid.

Oleic acid Elaidic acid
Oleic acid is a cis unsaturated fatty acid, a common component of natural vegetable oils. Elaidic acid is a trans unsaturated fatty acid often created by partial hydrogenation or elaidinisation of vegetable oils.
These fatty acids are isomers (chemically identical except for the orientation of the double bond).
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Elaidinisation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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