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Environmentally friendly




Environmentally friendly, also referred to as nature friendly, is a term used to refer to goods and services considered to inflict minimal harm on the environment.[1] Due to the fact there is no existing international standard for this term, the International Standards Organization deemed it too vague to be meaningful.[2]

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Labels

Environmentally friendly labels are used across the globe to promote products, however there is no international standard, and many different labels. There are three types of environmental labels. Type I is a label that is only achieved after the approval of a third party, Type II is a self-made claim, and Type III labels give information to the consumer about all products rather than selectively pick products that pass a standard.[3][4]

North America

In the United States, the phrase is commonly used for advertising or on packaging to promote a sale, but no Federal standard is required to display the labels, and thusly the United States Environmental Protection Agency has deemed them useless in determining whether a product is truly green.[2]

In Canada one label is that of the Environmental Choice Program.[5] Created in 1988,[6] only products approved by the program are allowed to display the label.[7]

Europe

Products located in members of the European Union can use the EU's Eco-label pending the EU's approval.[8] EMAS is another EU label[9] that signifies whether an organization management is green as opposed to the product.[10] Germany also uses the Blue Angel, based on Germany's standards.[5]

Oceania

The Energy Rating Label is a Type III label[11][4] that provides information on "energy service per unit of energy consumption".[12] It was first created in 1986, but negotiations led to a redesign in 2000.[13]

International

Energy Star is a program with a primary goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.[14] Energy Star has different sections for different nations or areas, including the United States,[15] the European Union [16] and Australia.[17]

Methods

Pest control

Integrated pest management is regarded as a more environmentally friendly form of pest control than traditional pesticides,[18][19] as its goal is to reduce pesticide use to a minimum by using a variety of less impactive means, with pesticides only as the last resort. Biological pest control is another form of control considered by many experts to be environmentally friendly.[20]

Waste management

Recycling and composting are viewed as more environmentally friendly forms of waste management than traditional burying or burning practices.[21] The Edmonton Composting Facility in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, in the largest composting facility in the world; representing 35% of Canada's centralized composting capacity.[22] The $100-million co-composter results in Edmonton recycling 65% of its residential waste.[22]

References

  1. ^ "nature-friendly". Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English, Preview Edition (v 0.9.7). Lexico Publishing Group, LLC.. 
  2. ^ a b Labels -environmentally friendly (HTML). ecolabels. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  3. ^ Type of environmental labeling (HTML). JEMAI. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  4. ^ a b Arnaud Bizard, Brett Lee, Karen Puterrman. "AWARE and Environmental Labeling Programs: One Step Closer to a Sustainable Economy" (PDF). ME 589 Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  5. ^ a b Environmental Labels Type I (HTML). Ricoh. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  6. ^ About the Program (HTML). EcoLogo. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  7. ^ Environmental Choice (Canada) (HTML). Environment Canada. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  8. ^ Welcome to the European Union Eco-label Homepage (HTML). EUROPA. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  9. ^ EMAS (HTML). EUROPA. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  10. ^ Minutes (PDF). EUEB Coordination and Cooperation Management Group. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  11. ^ Overview of Regulatory Requirements - Labelling and MEPS (HTML). Energy Rating Label. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  12. ^ Overview of how are star ratings calculated? (HTML). Energy Rating Label. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  13. ^ The Energy Label (HTML). Energy Rating Label. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  14. ^ About Energy Star (HTML). Energy Star. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  15. ^ United States Energy Star Home Page (HTML). Energy Star. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  16. ^ EU Energy Star Home Page (HTML). Energy Star. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  17. ^ Australia Energy Star Home Page (HTML). Energy Star. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  18. ^ Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Schools (HTML). EPA. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  19. ^ What is a Pesticide? (HTML). EPA. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  20. ^ August's Glossary- Biological control. RHS Online. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  21. ^ Recycling (HTML). UNEP Production and Consumption Unit - Waste Management. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  22. ^ a b Waste Management Definitions (HTML). C&D. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.

schools can also help by putting notices up to encourage children

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Environmentally_friendly". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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